J.S.T. McGowen tries to settle a strike of gas workers by warning them that he will allow 'free workers' to take their jobs: a decision that goes against the grain of his whole career, reflecting his weakening health and failing concentration, and appalling the labour movement. Holman replaces McGowen as NSW Premier on 30 June.
J.S.T. McGowen announces he is pro-conscription, defying the official stance of the Labor Party and leading to his expulsion from the party.
J.S.T. McGowen dies of heart disease on 7 April and is buried in the Anglican section of Rookwood Cemetery. A cenotaph is dedicated for J.S.T. McGowen at St Paul's Church, Redfern in November.