• 1873

    Between 1873 and 1874 J.S.T. McGowen is involved in the iron trades’ strike.

    Honest Jim – J.S.T McGowen
  • Redfern Station (Sydney) at the corner of Devonshire and Chalmers Street, 1879

    1874

    Sydney’s second terminus, also called Redfern Station, opens in the same location as the first Redfern Station.

    Terminus
  • Redfern Railway station and rail yards where James McGowen worked before transferring to the new Eveleigh Railway Yards when they opened, 1870

    1875

    Between 1875 and 1891 J.S.T. McGowen works as a boilermaker, initially at Redfern Railway Workshops (Devonshire St) and later at Eveleigh.

    Honest Jim – J.S.T McGowen
  • 1875

    The Eveleigh site is chosen for railway workshops development.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • 1875

    Following the establishment of the rail line in 1855, and the construction of Eveleigh Railway Workshops from 1875, Redfern was heavily subdivided and developed to provide workers’ housing.

    The Chisolm Estate and Calder House
  • Plan of the Works Managers Office, south east and north east elevation, 23 March 1944

    1878

    The Work's Manager and Timekeeper's Office is erected.

    Time
  • 1878

    Resumption of Eveleigh Railway Workshops site (Chisholm's Estate) commences.

    The Chisolm Estate and Calder House
  • 1878

    The first Eveleigh Station (sometimes described as Eveleigh Platform) opens approximately 1.3 km west of the original terminus and in the approximate location of the current Illawarra train dive.

    Terminus
  • 1879

    A temporary tramline is built from Redfern Street, along Elizabeth Street to Hunter Street for the Garden Palace International Exhibition. The steam tram begins running.

    Terminus
  • 1879

    Parliament agrees on a price for Chisholm’s Estate of £100,000.

    The Chisolm Estate and Calder House
  • Machines in locomotive workshops, undated

    1880

    Prior to the 1880s railway employees formed benefit societies to help deal with accidents and deaths at work.

    We all washed in buckets
  • Calder House a few minutes before demolition of the eastern wall facing the railway line

    1880

    The Chisholm Estate is exchanged and made available for railway purposes.

    The Chisolm Estate and Calder House
  • 1880

    Parliament agrees the £250,000 cost for Eveleigh Railway Workshops construction.

    The Chisolm Estate and Calder House
  • 1881

    Golden Grove Estate, formerly Hutchinson's grant, north of Eveleigh is subdivided for small allotments, mostly 'workers dwellings'. The major phase of building occurs between 1888 and 1893.

  • Eveleigh Locomotive Workshops, circa 1889

    1882

    During 1882 to 1887 the principal workshops are built at Eveleigh.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • The First Aid Station at Eveleigh Locomotive Shops which formed part of 'Red Square' where union meetings were often convened, undated

    1882

    Railway Commissioner Charles Goodchap promotes first aid training and an ambulance corps is formed three years later.

    We all washed in buckets
  • 1882

    Redfern Railway Terminus becomes the first place in Sydney permanently lit by electricity.

    Terminus
  • 1882

    Eveleigh Railway Workshops building program commences.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • 1882

    First trade union action occurs at Redfern Railway Workshops, when the Boilermakers Union claims overtime. In Australia during the 1850s skilled workers in Sydney and Melbourne generally worked a 58 hour week: 10 hours per day Monday to Friday and 8 hours on Saturday.

    Strikes, Unions and Activism
  • Eveleigh Locomotive Running Sheds, circa 1885

    1884

    The Triple-domed Eveleigh Running Sheds are completed.

    Alchemy
  • 1885

    The second Eveleigh Station (and fourth station built in Redfern) is opened to service the Eveleigh Railway Workshops. It remains to this day Redfern Station, renamed when Central was opened in 1906. The opening in 1884 was due to the need to have a junction and change station between the Main West and the Illawarra lines. The amplification of Redfern Station in 1891, 1912, 1922 and 1979 was a result of increases in the number of tracks passing through the station.

    Terminus
  • 1886

    The surviving hydraulic system at Eveleigh is installed, a year before the workshops open, making it the oldest system of its kind in Australia.

    The Roaring Giant
  • 1886

    All-grades Railway and Tramway Union forms to fight against the abolition of breakfast breaks and management's withdrawal of free railway passes.

    Strikes, Unions and Activism
  • 1886

    Eveleigh men mobilise towards the establishment of the eight-hour day.

    Strikes, Unions and Activism
  • 1886

    Australian Railway and Tramway Service Association (ARTSA) is established by two porters who realise unskilled workers, like signalmen and guards, have issues which could be better resolved by a unified approach.

    Strikes, Unions and Activism
  • NSW Railways Diagram of Eveleigh Workshops, 1887

    1887

    Locomotive Workshops are completed.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • 1887

    Carriage Workshops completed.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • View towards Carriage Works from Cornwallis St, Works Managers Office and Water Tower in foreground, undated

    1887

    Manager’s Office completed.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • 1887

    Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office completed.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • Eveleigh Locomotive Workshops, undated

    1887

    Eveleigh Railway Workshops complex at Redfern is completed.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • Blacksmiths' Shop, Eveleigh Railway Workshops, circa 1890s

    1887

    The Blacksmith's Shop is erected.

    Alchemy
  • 1888

    The Railway Institute is set up in the north-east corner of the original Sydney yard.

    Evolution of Eveleigh - The Railway workshops
  • 1889

    The Labour Electoral League (Labor Party) is established by the Trades and Labour Council.

    Strikes, Unions and Activism
  • 1891

    J.S.T. McGowen wins a seat in Redfern. McGowen continues to represent Redfern in NSW parliament until 1917.

    Honest Jim – J.S.T McGowen

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